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June 2018
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News Headlines
Fresh FIR filed against Nirav Modi for possessing multiple Indian passports        Nigeria: 31 people killed in twin suicide blasts        1 dead, 20 injured in New Jersey arts festival shooting        Mexico shock World Cup holders Germany        World Cup: Serbia edge out Costa Rica in Group E opener        Messi penalty saved as Iceland hold Argentina        Pakistan SC bars Musharraf from contesting election        FIFA World Cup 2018: Russia stun Saudi Arabia in opener, substitutes shine in 5-0 win        India vs Afghanistan, one-off Test: Afghanistan fight back as India reach 347-6 on Day 1        Four killed, 10 missing after landslide in Kerala        Railways drop coach factory project in Palakkad        Vajpayee better, hopeful of full recovery in next few days: AIIMS director        Congress wins Jayanagar assembly seat in Karnataka        N Korea no longer a nuclear threat: Trump        Former president Maldives and chief justice sentenced for obstruction of justice        Hafiz Saeed-backed MML can’t contest Pakistan elections        Afghanistan not nervous about Test clash with India, says skipper Asghar Stanikzai        Amelia Kerr slams 232* to break 21-year-old record in Women's ODIs        Alappuzha and Thiruvananthapuram offer models of decentralized waste management systems        Bhaiyyu Maharaj, Spiritual Guru To Top Politicians, Commits Suicide        
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International News
India should take steps to ensure privacy in biometric identification programmes: IMF
 
(Washington, Apr 13, 2018): The IMF has said India should take necessary measures to ensure privacy and security controls while implementing large identification programmes like the Aadhaar, as the global financial body identified India as a leader in the biometric identification system.

The International Monetary Fund in its fiscal monitor report on digital government said digitalisation can facilitate stronger governance and fiscal transparency, allowing better public awareness and scrutiny of the budget process and the design of fiscal policy.

In India, the IMF yesterday said, biometric identification and electronic payments have helped reduce leakages in LPG subsidies.

"Depending on assumptions and how the reduction in leakage is expressed — that is, the reduction in total transfers or wrongful payments — estimated savings from digitalisation range between 0.2 and 21 per cent of cash transfers and 11 to 24 per cent of wrongful payments,” it said.

"It is difficult to disentangle the effect of digitalisation from broader macroeconomic and policy developments,” the IMF said.

For example, the use of Aadhaar in the LPG subsidy scheme coincided with the termination of the LPG dual pricing system and the reduction in the world price of natural gas, both of which helped reduce the cost of LPG subsidies.

Data limitations and lack of proper assessment frameworks constrain ex-post evaluations, the report said.

"With more than 1.2 billion registered citizens in India's biometric identification system, Aadhaar, the country stands out as a leader in this area," the report said.

The IMF, however, stressed that governments should take necessary steps to ensure privacy and security controls when implementing large identification programmes.

"In India, privacy and security concerns led to alternating periods of mandatory and non-mandatory use of Aadhaar in social programmes,” it said.

"A court decision is still pending on its compliance with the right to privacy. In a recent data breach in India, it has been reported that 135 million Aadhaar numbers were compromised, underscoring the importance of sound privacy measures,” it added.

The report noted that spending should also be consistent with the government's budget constraint and will require policy-makers to create fiscal space for purchasing new technology, storing large amounts of data and hiring cyber-security experts.

Cost estimates are rare and incomplete, it observed.

"In India, data from the Unique Identification Authority of India place the costs of Aadhaar implementation and maintenance at about USD 1.5 billion or USD 1.25 per card between 2009 and 2017 but this compares favourably with the costs of other electronic identification systems of USD 3 to USD 6 per enrollee,” the IMF said.

Given its broad coverage, IMF believes that it may be a challenge to phase Aadhaar out.

"Advocates of the system assert that Aadhaar is compatible with the right to privacy because the captured biometric traits are encrypted, making it difficult for anyone who intercepts these images to access the actual content," it said.

"However, the lack of sufficient security controls makes the system vulnerable to unauthorised access," it added.

"In a recent data breach, it has been reported that Aadhaar numbers and the corresponding identities of 135 million Indian citizens were compromised when service providers used their access to steal identity information. Privacy and security controls are therefore key when implementing large identification programmes, IMF said.

The IMF in its report listed out central government implementing several digital platforms to overcome leakages in its subsidy scheme.

"The so-called 'JAM trinity' has three pillars: Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile. Jan Dhan promotes financial inclusion, targeting universal access to banking facilities and facilitating the delivery of social benefits directly to bank accounts.(PTI)


Nigeria: 31 people killed in twin suicide blasts
1 dead, 20 injured in New Jersey arts festival shooting
Pakistan SC bars Musharraf from contesting election
N Korea no longer a nuclear threat: Trump
Former president Maldives and chief justice sentenced for obstruction of justice
Hafiz Saeed-backed MML can’t contest Pakistan elections
Trump to hold bilateral meetings with Singapore PM ahead of US-North Korea summit
12 dead, 31 wounded in blast outside govt ministry in Kabul
India refuses to endorse China’s Belt and Road Initiative
Trump's top economic adviser accuses Trudeau of 'backstabbing'
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Syria's Assad to meet Kim in North Korea: KCNA
Tunisia migrant death toll rises to at least 35: defence ministry
Socialist Pedro Sanchez sworn in as Spanish PM
ENTERTAINMENT NEWS
I am a big flop actor: Karan Johar
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Happy Sonam is getting married, Anand a great guy: Harshvardhan Kapoor
Auctioning 'Rustom' costume for good cause: Akshay Kumar
KERALA NEWS
Kerala among 13 states on thunderstorm alert
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NATIONAL NEWS
Vajpayee better, hopeful of full recovery in next few days: AIIMS director
 (NEW DELHI, June 13, 2018):Former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee has shown significant i
Congress wins Jayanagar assembly seat in Karnataka
Alappuzha and Thiruvananthapuram offer models of decentralized waste management systems
Bhaiyyu Maharaj, Spiritual Guru To Top Politicians, Commits Suicide
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